Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 2 Prophetic and poetic writers

The Pentateuch and the words of prophetic man are still of value for today and contain a lot of wisdom and stories by which we in the present times can learn a lot from.

By reading the prophetic books we not only can learn what happened in the past and how wars could be won, but also what is going to happen in the future and how we can prepare us for the coming World War III and the end-times.

In “Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 1 Times of reading” I explained that we were given five books, the Pentateuch, which could give us a picture how the universe came into being and how man evolved in times where he did not always have it easy. I told also that in those books you can find the history of man. Though that may be long ago you might think those stories from long ago, the Bereshith, the Shemoth, the Wayyiqra, the Bemidbar and the Devarim would have no value or meaning for today. Be not mistaken, in them you can find lots of wisdom which is practical for today as well.

11th century Hebrew Bible with targum, perhaps...
11th century Hebrew Bible with targum, perhaps from Tunisia, found in Iraq: part of the Schøyen Collection. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

But it does not stop by those books. We can find several prophetic writers who notated a lot of wisdom which is still very good to know today. In the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Holy Scriptures there have been taken some very interesting books which offer us proverbs, maxims or aphorisms,riddles and charms, poetry and songs which are offering texts which should get us to think about several matters and give advice on very important life matters which are still applicable today.

Икона пророка Самуила из собрания ДОХМ.jpg
The icon of the prophet Samuel from the collection of the Donetsk regional art museum.

The Elohim Hashem Jehovah not only spoke to Moshe to bring His Words to us. Today we may look at the inspired books of Moses which are the most ancient extant writings, although there are written monuments as old as about 2000 B.C. E. After Moshe God used other people to act as “ro’eh” or “seer”, like Shmuʾel or Shemu’el (Samuel), Natan (Nathan) and Gad.

God choose specific persons to do work for Him here on this earth. They worked as immediate organs of God for the communication of God His Spirit (God’s Mind) and will to men.

Deut. 18:18     a prophet I will raise up for them from among their brothers, like you;
I will put my words in his mouth, and he will speak to them
whatever I command him.

Deut. 18:19     And it shall be:
(any) man who does not hearken to my words which he speaks in my name,
I myself will require (a reckoning) from him.

Those men did not speak for themselves and the words they wrote down were words man had to take seriously. People where told that if the things those prophets told did not come out (nor came to pass), that would mean that it was not the thing which the Most High Elohim had spoken, but the prophet had spoken it presumptuously and therefore man should not be afraid of him.

(Deut. 18: 20-22) 20     But: the prophet who presumptuously speaks a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or that he speaks in the name of other gods: die that prophet shall!
21     Now if you should say in your heart:
How can we know it is the word that YHWH {Jehovah} did not speak?
22     Should the prophet speak in the name of YHWH but the word not happen, not come-about — (then) that is the word that YHWH did not speak; with presumption did the prophet speak it; you are not to be-in-fear of him!

Leningrad Codex text sample. A very old manusc...
Leningrad Codex text sample. A very old manuscript of the hebrew bible. A former possession of karaït jews. They claim his author was karait, a position refused by rabbanite jews. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By the years passing people came to know that there where those men with special gifts. Their possibility to speak about certain matters gave man to know that it where words not from what was here on earth but from above man’s world. Those chosen men of God penned down the whole Word of God which may in this general sense be spoken of as prophetic, inasmuch as it was written by men who received the revelation they communicated from God, no matter what its nature might be. That Word also proved to be telling something happening which man himself could not alter to happen. It was a Word which roofed infallible and which man could not destroy. How much man also did to destroy the Word of God, by the centuries always there where generations who could come in contact with it and learn from it.

The foretelling of future events was not a necessary but only an incidental part of the prophetic office. The great task assigned to the prophets whom God raised up among the people was

“to correct moral and religious abuses, to proclaim the great moral and religious truths which are connected with the character of God, and which lie at the foundation of his government.”

The corrections those chosen men gave to the people around them are still of value for today. The lessons they brought to the people are still lessons by which we can learn a lot. Many of those chosen men warned for the Most High and told about a sort of fear we should have for Him that is mightier than all mighty man or gods of this world. It is that fear for the Most High which also brings wisdom.

“The fear of  Jehovah (the Most High Elohim) is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.”
(Proverbs 9:10)

Many are not interested in the Word of God and do  not want to read the Bible, but we should know that

“The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.”
(Proverbs 1:7 KJV)

In those writings which are read in our community from childhood those listening to it can grow in wisdom and find ways to put evil at the site so that they can get more understanding.

“And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.”
(Job 28:28 KJV)

Though those texts may be from long ago we should listen to them and take them at heart.

“Regard the days of ages-past, understand the years of generation and generation (ago); ask your father, he will tell you, your elders, they will declare it to you:”
(Deuteronomy 32:7 SB)

The nevi’im spoke about things in the near future but also told about matters non of the living persons at time would ever come to see in their life, because it was going to happen many centuries later.

In the second main division of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh), between the Torah (Law or instruction) and Ketuvim (writings), we find the older books of the Nevi’im Rishonim or Former Prophets, which tell us what happened and how god promised things and how they could see it accomplished. Jehoshua (Joshua), Shemu’el (Shumel or Samuel) admonished the people to be loyal to the God of the covenant.

David, stained-glass window, 19th century, Winchester Cathedral, England
David, stained-glass window, 19th century, Winchester Cathedral, England – © Ronald Sheridan/Ancient Art & Architecture Collection

A careful reading of relevant biblical texts, stimulated by the study of external resources, has led scholars to a general agreement that Israel did not take Canaan by means of a single, comprehensive, calculated plan of conquest. It happened more gradually and more naturally, through progressive infiltration and acculturation. This relatively peaceful development, which went on for a couple of centuries, reached its fulfillment in the rise of David. Until then, for the most part, walled cities remained in Canaanite hands. Even if these cities were razed, as in the case of Hazor (Joshua 11), Israel does not seem to have made military use of them; David’s occupation of Jerusalem was a first in this respect. The accounts of Joshua’s campaigns (Joshua 10–11) seem to fit these realities; they are accounts of forays by a mobile community, moving ever westward, that increasingly constituted a force to be reckoned with in the open spaces between the walled cities. {Encyclopaedia Britannica on Joshua}

The March of Abraham, painting by József Molnár, 19th century; in the Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest.
The March of Abraham, painting by József Molnár, 19th century – © G. Dagli Orti—DeA Picture Library/age fotostock

Concerning that city for us today it is of utmost importance to know what is written in the Holy Scriptures. In the different ancient writings we can see how the Divine Creator helped His People to live in the places where they sojourned, but also come to see why they did not get in their days that promised land like it shall become a Land of honey. The book of Nevi’im or Book of Prophets give us insight of the why, how and when and should give us hope that what God promised to Avraham or Abraham shall become a reality.

Our father Abraham never came to see that what millennia later people would come to see that it became growing and that people where gathering together in God’s Name. In the books we can come to see that he was a man to God’s heart. He showed clearly to the Most High Elohim that he was willing to do God His Will. He was ready to obey God’s command to sacrifice Jitshak (Isaac). This was just a test of his faith, which he was not required to consummate in the end because God substituted a ram.  With AvrahamJithsak and Jaʿakov (Jacob) God’s relationship of promise and purpose was fixed for all those who descended from them, and this can be found in all those old books.

Though in later years we shall see that God went further and that once more there came a man who was willing to do not his own will, but doing the Will of his heavenly Father, offering this time not an other person but himself as a Lamb of God. That man was the young manual worker, rabbi and prophet Jeshua (Jesus Christ). It is by reading the prophetic books that much of what is written in the Kethuvim Bet or Messianic Scriptures shall become clear.

The great use of prophecy was to let people to understand how god continually stayed with His own people but was also willing to come to all those who were willing to come to Him. With all the signs God gave to mankind seeing His might and power faith could perpetuated in his predictions and to be prepared for things to come, because God wants people to be ready for those events, especially for the major time to come when everything has to come to a conclusion. But there are many subordinate and intermediate prophecies also which hold an important place in the great chain of events which illustrate the sovereignty and all-wise overruling providence of God.

Isaiah, illustration from the Parc Abbey Bible, 1148.
Isaiah, illustration from the Parc Abbey Bible, 1148. – © The British Library/Heritage-Images

Jeshayahu (Isaiah) in particular and Dani’el (Daniel) where the two writers who clearly are important for us today, giving us a picture of what to expect in the near future.

Jeshayahu being the first listed is not the earliest of the Nevi’im Aharonim, the latter prophets, explains content and provide places and times for us to take into account. We can read how the kingdom of Judah was so often protected by God and how judgement of God  fell on the Assyrian army which had threatened the king of Judah, and wiped out 185,000 of its men. This writer also gives a direct portrayal of the “wrath of the Most High God” as presented, for example, in Isaiah 9:19 stating

“Through the wrath of  YHWH the Host of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.”
(Isaiah 9:19)

When reading the Scriptures the reader shall come to see how the many prophesies about the Jewish nation where fulfilled.

There is in like manner a large number of prophecies relating to those nations with which the Jews came into contact, as Tyre (Ezek. 26:3-5, 14-21), Egypt (Ezek. 29:10, 15; 30:6, 12, 13), Ethiopia (Nahum 3:8-10), Nineveh (Nahum 1:10; 2:8-13; 3:17-19), Babylon (Isa. 13:4; Jer. 51:7; Isa. 44:27; Jer. 50:38; 51:36, 39, 57), the land of the Philistines (Jer. 47:4-7; Ezek. 25:15-17; Amos 1:6-8; Zeph. 2:4-7; Zech. 9:5-8), and of the four great monarchies (Dan. 2:39, 40; 7:17-24; 8:9). {Easton’s Bible Dictionary on prophecy}

Though in the Garden of Eden God had made His first and utmost most important promise. It concerned a solution for mankind its rebellion against God at those early beginnings of the world.

The great body of the Tanakh is all about that solution which would come into the world and would deliver a king to reign from the big city Jerusalem, bringing peace all over the Holy Land and its surroundings.

Jeshayahu and Dani’el give us a picture of what we may expect and how great and beautiful that restored Godly Place shall be. Moshe was the first one who wrote that major promise down.He wrote

“I put enmity between you and the woman, between your seed and her seed: they will bruise you on the head, you will bruise them in the heel.”
(Genesis 3:15 SB)

From the seed of a woman was to come the one who would show that God is with us (Immanuel). People had to come to see and believe that God never left His creation but that it was man himself who left God. The prophets continued to refer to that first great promise, and extending in ever-increasing fullness and clearness all through to the Hebrew Bible the Messianic prophecies, too numerous to be quoted, gave witness of the one who would be sent by God to bring salvation not only for the Jews but also for all the goyim who would be willing to believe in him, who was to offer himself on the slaughter of the oppressor.

“To him gave all the prophets witness.” (Comp. Micah 5:2; Hag. 2:6-9; Isa. 7:14; 9:6, 7; 11:1, 2; 53; 60:10, 13; Ps. 16:11; 68:18.)

Jeremias was one of the prophets of the Hebrew...
Jeremias was one of the prophets of the Hebrew Bible. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It was not just one nabi (or prophet) who showed what God had in store for mankind. More than one wise and literate visionary spoke about that great promise which would bring liberation for all mankind. Those who do not want to listen to them or do not come to read their words shall have difficulty to come to see.
Their eyes shall stay closed and by not willing to see they also shall not hear and before they know it shall be too late. God has also given enough warnings for that, not only in the Tanakh but also by the words of that sent one from God, rabbi Jeshua and his disciples. They too delivered many predictions. Those of Christ were very numerous. (Comp. Matthew 10:23-24; 11:23; 19:28; 21:43, 44; 24; 25:31-46; 26:17-35, 46, 64; Mark 9:1; 10:30; 13; 11:1-6, 14; 14:12-31, 42, 62; 16:17, etc.)

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Preceding article

Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 1 Times of reading

Making time for God is crucial

Next:

Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 3 Light and wisdom in words

Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 4 Words giving us wisdom and encouragement

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Additional reading

  1. Looking for something or for the Truth and what it might be and self-awareness
  2. The great ideal of this age
  3. Words to inspire and to give wisdom
  4. God’s Blog recorded in a Book
  5. Creator and Blogger God 10 A Blog of a Book 4 Listening to the Blogger
  6. Bible in the first place #1/3
  7. Bible in the first place #2/3
  8. Bible in the first place #3/3
  9. Written down in God’s Name
  10. >
  11. >The Almighty Lord God of gods King above all gods
  12. A way to look for Christ, the Bible, Word of God
  13. God giving signs and producing wonders
  14. The holy spirit will bring back to your minds all the things told
  15. True God giving His Word for getting wisdom
  16. Bible Word of God, inspired and infallible
  17. Bible, God’s Word to edify (ERV)
  18. Bible, helmet of health, salvation and sword of the spirit
  19. Bible, helmet of salvation, God’s Words put in the mouth of prophets for perfecting, to reprove and correct
  20. Bible, sword of the Spirit to come into the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man
  21. Scripture words written for our learning, given by inspiration of God for edification
  22. Best intimate relation to look for
  23. In a world which knows no peace sharing blessed hope
  24. Divine Plan and an Imperfect creation
  25. Shabbat Pesach service reading 2/2
  26. Israel God’s people
  27. A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
  28. The meek one riding on an ass
  29. A Messiah to die
  30. 14-15 Nisan and Easter
  31. On the Edge of Believing
  32. Truth, doubt or blindness
  33. Actions to be a reflection of openness of heart
  34. Wisdom not hard to find nor hiding in remote places
  35. Uncovering the Foundations of Faith
  36. The fear of the Lord
  37. Humility and the Fear of the Lord
  38. An anarchistic reading of the Bible—(1) Approaching the Bible
  39. Sharing the depth of God’s riches and wisdom and knowledge
  40. Eternal Word that tells everything
  41. Words of God to stand and to be followed and to believe
  42. Challenging claim 4 Inspired by God 3 Self-consistent Word of God
  43. God’s wisdom for the believer brings peace
  44. Necessity of a revelation of creation 4 Getting understanding by Word of God 2
  45. Necessity of a revelation of creation 8 By no means unintelligible or mysterious to people
  46. Necessity of a revelation of creation 9 Searching the Scriptures
  47. Necessity of a revelation of creation 10 Instructions for insight and wisdom
  48. Necessity of a revelation of creation 11 Believing and obeying the gospel of the Kingdom of God
  49. Necessity of a revelation of creation 12 Words assembled for wisdom and instruction
  50. Necessity of a revelation of creation 13 Getting wisdom
  51. Looking for wisdom not departing from God’s Word
  52. A Bible Falling Apart Belongs to Someone who isn’t
  53. The Need to Understand Genre
  54. Not staying alone in your search for truth
  55. We may not be ignorant to get wisdom
  56. Fools despise wisdom and instruction
  57. Answering a fool according to his folly
  58. Wisdom lies deep
  59. Increased in wisdom in favour with God
  60. Trusting, Faith, calling and Ascribing to Jehovah #3 Voice of God #5 To meditate and Transform
  61. Loving the Word
  62. Several quotes about wisdom
  63. A Prayer for Wisdom Amid Violence
  64. A Royal Rule given to followers of Christ
  65. When having found faith through the study of the Bible we do need to do works of faith
  66. The works we have to do according to James
  67. Additional comments to the Letter to the Romans 4
  68. יהוה , YHWH and Love: Four-letter words
  69. More-Letter-Words
  70. Hang On!
  71. Those who make peace should plant peace like a seed
  72. Preparation for unity
  73. This was my reward
  74. Growth in character
  75. Vayikra after its opening word וַיִּקְרָא, which means and He called
  76. Ember and light the ransomed of Jehovah
  77. Ransom for all
  78. Trust in the blood of the Lamb God provides
  79. A New Jerusalem
  80. Happy who’s delight is only in the law of Jehovah
  81. A Living Faith #2 State of your faith
  82. Jerusalem God’s City for ever

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Further reading

  1. How to Study the Bible: A Few Resources
  2. [Food & the Bible] Not by Bread Alone
  3. Out Of The Wilderness-Shoshannah
  4. Living in the Wilderness
  5. The Servant – A Season of Dedication
  6. Messianic Expectation
  7. The Prophecy
  8. Promise of Prophecy
  9. A Principle of Hermeneutics: Prophecy
  10. Explaining Prophecy
  11. The Return of God’s People
  12. Finishing Up the Trumpet Judgments
  13. We Have Sinned
  14. For God so loved the world
  15. Lord over all
  16. He Shall Confirm a Covenant? 2
  17. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood
  18. A Word from the Lord 1/27/2017
  19. A Time to Speak
  20. Come close to God, James 4:8-10
  21. Divination, Prophecy & Fear
  22. Prayers for America (1/26/2017)
  23. Prophetic Insight – A Current Battle
  24. False Prophet Blasphemy
  25. Under The Shadow Of The Almighty
  26. “It Is Written…”
  27. Not just a man
  28. The burden of the Lord
  29. Testing God Voids Faith
  30. Think continually on these things, Philippians 4:8-9
  31. Do Not Be Alarmed
  32. A Meditation on Life: Seek and Ye Shall Find
  33. Preparation for Battle
  34. Prophecy and the Overwhelming
  35. God’s Last End Short Work: The Eternal Has Chosen Jerusalem
  36. Revelation: Pergamum, Satan’s Throne
  37. My Word Can Not Be Cancelled Out
  38. The Prophet: Who is He?
  39. The Call of Jeremiah
  40. Invisible
  41. A sign

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Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 1 Times of reading

In ancient times on market days and the days people where free, they came together to listen to the reading of the Torah. Today any day could be used to come together to listen to the reading of the Holy Scriptures. Written and oral material was brought from one generation into an other and formed the base for the construction of many communities or religious groups and denominations.

In this world we can find many religions and lots of people who say they are worshipping the right god. How do they know and how can we know that they are really worshipping the Only One True Divine God the whole world should be worshipping?

Many of us find they are living in an unsecure world. They even find they themselves do not live securely. They would love to find ways to have an easy life and to be sure of certain things. They are no different than people who lived thousands of years ago. Many questions have stayed the same. Not so much has changed.

Seeing all the different denominations we can wonder why and how it are so many. When we use the Bible or Holy Scriptures as a touchstone it shall be very quickly easy to see which teachings of which denominations are not according to the Words of the ones they claim to be following.

Megillat Esther on which is concluded we should make us days of feasting and gladness, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor, celebrating Purim.

In certain religious groups it is tradition to read the Torah out loud at each gathering. This tradition dates back to the time of Moshe, who would read the Torah publicly on Shabbat, festivals, and Rosh Chodesh.  In other groups we can see that they not spend much time at reading the books they say are their Holy Books on which their faith is based.  It in because in such churches that there is not much time spend, that we can see many false teachings entered it and people have gone far away from the biblical teaching, even from worshipping the right God.

All churches would better go back to the time of Ezra the Scribe who established the practice of reading aloud the given Words of the Most High. In the synagogue this tradition continues today and is not limited to one day in the week but also to publicly bring a reading of the Torah also on Monday and Thursday mornings and Shabbat afternoons. In our congregation we also use the Sunday afternoon to gather with the community, have a meal together and to listen and to read together from the whole Scriptures which God has provided to us to be the Guidebook for life.

For the Jews these days were picked because Monday and Thursday were traditionally days that the Jews would go to the nearest towns to shop and trade. But today you could say you might find other days more appropriate  at other places. As such the time and place to gather may be different form one place to an other and in one country there may be totally different customs than in an other country.

What was important to that setting of days to gather and reading the Scriptures aloud was that this way the people would never go for more than three days without getting spiritual sustenance from the Words of Torah. There were breaks in the practice, but since the Maccabean period in the 2nd century BCE, public Torah reading has been maintained continuously. It was also in the Maccabean period that the Jews started reading from the Torah consecutively, reading on Shabbat afternoon, Monday, and Thursday from the point at which they left off the previous Shabbat morning.

Shira Schoenberg writes

In the early times, there were two traditions as to how the reading on Shabbat mornings should proceed. In Israel, the Torah was divided into 155 portions and took three years to read. In the early 19th and 20th centuries, Reform and some Conservative congregations followed this triennial cycle but this has been largely abandoned in favor of the annual cycle. In Babylonia, the Torah was split in 54 sections and took one year to read (some portions were read together in non-leap years). The size of the sections vary, containing anywhere between 30 and more than 150 verses. This latter custom became accepted for Orthodox and most Conservative Jews. The only break from the weekly cycle is when Shabbat is a holiday with a special Torah portion. The Torah is read on Shabbat and festivals between the shacharit (morning) and mussaf (additional) services and on weekdays at the end of shacharit.{Reading the Torah}

During the Talmudic period, the rabbis established that everyone who read a section from the Torah would recite both blessings so all the members of the congregation could hear them – even those who had to leave early or come late. In the post-Talmudic period, when the number of people capable of reading the Torah declined, it became customary for one person to read on behalf of everyone That way, one called for an aliyah only had to recite the blessings, although those capable of reading from the Torah would still do so in a quiet voice along with the reader. {Reading the Torah}

Today we live in times that most people can read and that printed versions of the Scriptures are available in many many languages. Therefore most people have no excuse that they are not able to come to read the Torah and the selected writings which where written in later times.

People have to know that the Torah is important for mankind because it contains written and oral laws which should be able to make life easy to construct and to allow it developing without chaos. The Torah, also called the Jewish bible by many, contains the Laws Moshe received form the Divine Creator. Many call those regulations which God gave, the “Laws of Moses” or “Mosaic Law“. They are central to the religion of Judaism, outlining actions and codes of conduct expected of practitioners of the Jewish faith.

These laws from God Who set forth moral standards where not only directing Jews how to live, but where to be the base of instruction to all peoples. It is true that the Torah outlines expectations of Jews, along with a history of the Jewish religion, through five books of Moses, but it gives all people a view of what happened in the world from the beginning of its existence.

The Torah or Law is presented in Five books and therefore also called the Pentateuch. These books which are the first five books of the Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible, include

  1. the Bereshith or Book of Genesis; giving an overview of how the universe came into being and what went wrong so that man has so many problems today
  2. Shemoth (Names) or Book of Exodus, narrating the liberation of the people of Israel from slavery in Egypt in the 13th century bce, under the leadership of Moses;
  3. Wayyiqra or Book of Leviticus, the third book of the Latin Vulgate Bible, the name of which designates its contents as a book (or manual) primarily concerned with the priests and their duties
  4. Bemidbar or Bəmiḏbar (In the wilderness or in the desert) or the Book of Numbers, also called the Fourth Book Of Moses, the fourth book of the Bible. The English title is a translation of the Septuagint (Greek) title referring to the numbering of the tribes of Israel in chapters 1–4, and
  5. Devarim (“Words”) or Book of Deuteronomy, a farewell address by Moshe to the Israelites before they entered the Promised Land of Canaan, also known as “The Land of Milk and Honey” from the River of Egypt to the Euphrates river .

The People received the Mosaic Law with the Ten Mitzvah but when times came along God added some regulations making that the Whole Torah or the “Book of the Law” includes more than 600 commandments, or instructions, from God. Those instructions should help people to organize their life.

Vitrail de synagogue-Musée alsacien de Strasbourg.jpg
The Decalogue or Ten commandments, a set of 10 mitzvah or rules given to Moshe which are the biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity

Whilst the Jews consider all commandments in the Torah important but focus on the 10 most significant called the Ten Commandments or Decalogue, others should consider those “Mosaic Laws” written on a stone tablet and Moshe being required to hand it over to his people, as basic humanitarian laws. They describing that people may not have other gods before the One God Who is Only One and should be the One Who Is God of all and Master or Lord of all. It warns also that no graven images or likenesses may be made of This Only One True God nor any other gods to whom man may not bow down to them nor serve them. It also demands that people would not take the Set-apart or Holy Name of the Elohim יהוה {Jehovah} in vain or not bringing it to naught.

You could say those three basic rules are the only ones which can apply to people who believe in a god or in the God and are of no use for an atheist.

This is an image of a copy of the 1675 Ten Commandments, at the Amsterdam Esnoga synagogue, produced on parchment in 1768 by Jekuthiel Sofer, a prolific Jewish eighteenth century scribe in Amsterdam. It has Hebrew language writing in two columns separated between, and surrounded by, ornate flowery patterns.
This 1768 parchment (612×502 mm) by Jekuthiel Sofer emulated the 1675 Ten Commandments at the Amsterdam Esnoga synagogue.

The next seven rules on the other hand you could call the main basic human rules to which every human being should keep. They are The human laws each person in a community should abide by.
When a person never takes rest he shall not be able to work properly, therefore he should have a free or a Sabbath day. All coming from the womb of a woman should respect her and honour their father. Those books show how we must be pleased with life, but also how we should show respect for all the living things, human beings, but also plants and animals. In those books is clearly indicated that we should not kill and that we should protect those living beings which or whom are not able to do it for themselves.
Respecting an other human being makes also to be honest to one another and not to lie to each other, not to commit adultery, not to steal something or to bear false witness and being careful how to look at others, not having envy or not to covet, but showing undemanding loving-commitment to thousands. (Shemoth or Exodus 20 and Devarim 5)

Boy reading from the Torah according to Sephar...
Boy reading from the Torah according to Sephardic custom (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Originally they were written in Hebrew and as such are also called the Hebrew writings or Hebrew Scriptures. Originally most people came in contact with those writings because there was an elder reading those texts to them. There exist also a later “Torah of the mouth“, an oral version of the written text, but also laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the “Written Torah“. That Oral Torah according to Jewish tradition was relayed by God to Moshe and from him, transmitted and taught to the sages (rabbinic leaders) of each subsequent generation, it was passed down orally until its contents were finally committed to writing following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, when Jewish civilization was faced with an existential threat.
Between 200–220 CE Rabbi Yehudah haNasi, also known as Rabbi or Rabbenu HaQadosh or Judah the Prince, became the chief redactor and editor of the Mishnah, the first major written version of that Oral Torah.
Not all branches of Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism accept the divine provenance of the Oral Torah, such that Conservative and (to a greater extent) Reform Jews give deference to the Talmudic sages while empowering themselves to formulate and adopt their own rulings and interpretations.

The written Torah is sometimes also called the representation of the “White fire”, because it is like a clear light-torch, the Fire of God burning pure and clear. It is so clear and pure that is is clear for all to see. God His Words written down should not be difficult for any man, be it a child or adult to come to understand. For that reason the books do not want to present a scientist analysation of this world, the planets, stars, human beings, animals and plants. But in simple ways it is being told how everything came to existence and how everything evolved.

Some would say

the written Torah is presented in a simple narrative that can be read and understood even by a child. The oral Torah, however, is obscure, and can only be learned through disciplined study, diligence, and perseverance. The methodology of the Talmud requires hard work and mental exercise to master, and this difficulty of study is represented by “black fire,” as one who becomes blackened through hard, gritty labor. {About Black fire on white fire}

Like in all other religions we can see that human teachings came to interfere with what can be called Words of God, opposite of words of man. Many believers often carried away by the human teachings instead holding fast to the Biblical teachings Judaism is no exception of such intermingling of material and human doctrines.

Adolf Behrman - Talmudysci.jpg
Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman

In many Jewish groups we also can find rules and traditions which can not be found in the Word of God. As such we as believers always have to be prudent what we want to believe from sayings of man and have to question if our actions and traditions are in accordance with the Holy Scriptures.
There have also been historical dissenters to the Oral Torah in its entirety, including adherents to Karaite Judaism, that emerged in the early Middle Ages and who attempt to derive their religious practice strictly from the Written Torah, considering it as the sole source of religious law, using Scripture’s most natural meaning to form their basis of Jewish law.

English: Synagogue of Saluzzo (Italy); List of...
English: Synagogue of Saluzzo (Italy); List of people called on Shabbat for reading the Torah (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Having had traditional services, held at synagogues, presenting readings from the Torah during weekly services, rabbis read short segments from it.  In certain services they not only read parts of it but also chanted passages from the Torah instead of speaking them. This also helped people to remember the texts easier.

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Preceding article

When found the necessary books to read and how to read them

Next: Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 2 Prophetic and poetic writers

Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 3 Light and wisdom in words

Picture of a large stone monument displaying the ten commandments with the Texas State Capitol in Austin in the background. The picture was part of a news release Wednesday, March second, 2005, by then Attorney General Abbott.
Ten Commandments display at the Texas State Capitol in Austin.

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Additional reading

  1. Words in the world
  2. Blindness in the Christian world
  3. Childish or reasonable ways
  4. Icons and crucifixes
  5. Judeo-Christian values and liberty
  6. Evangelisation, local preaching opposite overseas evangelism
  7. Looking to the East and the West for Truth
  8. Migrants to the West #7 Religions
  9. Follower of Jesus part of a cult or a Christian
  10. Worship and worshipping
  11. Focussing on the man Jesus and the relationship with God
  12. Ion of Books or the Holy Scriptures – or book of bookscollection of books
  13. Do we need to keep the Sabbath
  14. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #3 Days to be kept holy or set apart
  15. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #5 Not law binding
  16. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #6 Sunday or the Lord’s day
  17. Communion and day of worship
  18. Congregate, to gather, to meet
  19. Built on or Belonging to Jewish tradition #4 Mozaic and Noachide laws
  20. People Seeking for God 3 Laws and directions
  21. Divine Plan and an Imperfect creation
  22. Old orthodox Dissenters and Unitarians in 19° Century London
  23. Only One God
  24. The Almighty Lord God above all gods
  25. 29. Laws that Value People
  26. 1,500 to 1,700 years old Chiselled tablet with commandments sold at auction
  27. Human versus Biblical teachings

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Further reading

{Please always be very careful when looking at my list of Further readings and Related articles, knowing that I do not always agree with what is presented by these articles. By some I took time to give a reaction on the mentioned article as well, please also take note of that reaction, if they place it (because often it is not made public and is there no backlink made either.)
The essence of these links is to give my readers an objective account of the different viewpoints}

  1. What is the best approach to studying Scripture?
  2. What the revolt of the Maccabees is telling our time
  3. “Do’s and Doughnuts” of Hanukkah
  4. Blank Page: The Silent Years Between Testaments
  5. Hanukkah … The Festival Born of a Prophecy!
  6. Hanukkah the Feast of Dedication. Is it Biblical?
  7. Bible Reading as a Means of Grace
  8. Dig Deeper Series-SOAP Method
  9. Early In the Morning Judah Leads In Praise
  10. The Fifth Commandment
  11. Answering Rabbinic Judaism #33
  12. Answering Rabbinic Judaism #34
  13. Judaism Intro|| 15 Seconds Judaism
  14. The Hanukah Dilemma – The Birth of Judaism
  15. Early Jewish-Christian Relations
  16. Mendelssohn and Reform
  17. The Reform Movement’s Rick Jacobs Has no Understanding of Tolerance
  18. Inside Orthodox Judaism: A Critical Perspective On Its Theology
  19. Orthodox Judaism and the ordination of women rabbis.
  20. A sermon for Shabbat Atzmaut. Time to apologise?
  21. “Only about 3% of Israeli Jews identify with the Reform movement, and most of those are English-speaking immigrants. The ‘non-observant Orthodox’ aren’t rushing to join them, either”
  22. What Messianic Judaism can learn from Reform Judaism
  23. Judaism in America – The Egypt Story Of Our Lives

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