A Tool to shed light over the qualities in our life 3 Menorah and 7 basic emotions

Rabbi Jeshua in many of his talks gave several examples of how we had to work at ourselves and how we should prepare ourselves to be ready and to be worthy to go through the small gate of the Kingdom of God. The characteristics we should work at to come closer in the image of God, may be presented by the lights of the menorah or seven armed candelabrum, which we can use as a handy tool for thinking about the seven basic emotions.

Not all the followers of the Jewish sect “the Way” agreed to the Roman emperor Constantine. From the time of rabbi Jeshua (Jesus) onwards there have always been faithful followers of the Jewish teachings of rabbi Jeshua, which where in line with the Law given by God to His people. There where those who joined the Essene community of Jesus’ mother. To take part of the Essenian emblems they had to qualify for membership by swearing piety to God, justice toward men, hatred of falsehood, love of truth, and faithful observance of all other tenets of the Essene sect. Others joined the several house communities or ecclesiae, where they too had to endorse the basic Jewish rules and had to confirm they would not worship more than the One and Only One True God, Jehovah, the heavenly Father of Jesus and our Divine Creator.

Rabbi Jeshua in his talks always put the focus on his heavenly Father, the Only One True God, and on God His Kingdom, which we had to try to be able to enter. To help us he tried mankind to show the Way to God and gave many parables to make sure people came to understand that they had to work on themselves and had to prepare themselves to be ready to enter that Kingdom of God. He gave many examples to show how we need works to be sanctified and worthy for for God. In many of his speeches rabbi Jeshua talked about characteristics or qualities or features that has to come to belong a believer and to where we have to work on and should get them right.

Jeshua showed the people the way to God and the works of God. He made it clear that God has give us His set apart (or holy) Word which we should have it written in our heart and should follow. That Word which should be more precious than any other word of man is The Word that should direct our thoughts to the vital importance of our attitude of “heart” as the most vital thing in our thought processes.

Rabbi Jeshua told those around him, a parable to the effect that they ought always to pray and not lose heart. (Luke 18:1). He also reminded people that it was the divine Creator Who created us to be, demanding from us an opinion or to take a position, for Him or against Him, no way in-between. God knows the heart and it has no use to pretend. We may put on a front and pretend to be someone and something that we’re not, but we can’t hide anything for God.

1 Samuel 16:7 (TS2009)
7 But יהוה said to Shemu’ĕl, “Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have refused him, for not as man sees, for man looks at the eyes, but יהוה looks at the heart.”

Proverbs 21:2 (TS2009)
2 All a man’s ways are right in his own eyes, But יהוה weighs the hearts.

Jeremiah 17:10 (TS2009)
10 “I, יהוה, search the heart, I try the kidneys, and give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his deeds.

Often in this world we may find people who want to go with the majority and want to conform to the expectations of others. But God requires we take distance from that pagan world. Rabbi Jeshua also tells us, that those who are not from the world but want to work on it to become who God has asked them to be, will find peace and fulfilment. Jeshua and his apostles assured those who followed them that they cannot be that which everyone else wants, because nobody will ever match up with what others expect of them. If however, we seek God His guidance and listen to His direction we will find joy and contentment, knowing that we are walking together on the same path. Then we will become a person that others can go to because they trust our intentions and can see God at work within us as they watch our courage and wisdom come through time and time again.

Building this trust… a good name, is more desirable than great riches, it helps others to see God. We should strive for this honour.

To make it easier to remember the basic characteristics on which the children of God have to work, a candle holder with multiple arms became a handy tool, shedding light on the things we might forget sometimes.

A reconstruction of the Menorah of the Temple created by the Temple Institute

The menorah, a seven-lamp (six branches) ancient Hebrew lampstand was used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moshe in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem.

Exodus 25:31-40 (TS2009)
31 “And you shall make a lampstand of clean gold – the lampstand is made of beaten work. Its base and its shaft, its cups, its ornamental knobs and blossoms are from it, 32 and six branches shall come out of its sides: three branches of the lampstand out of one side, and three branches of the lampstand out of the other side; 33 three cups made like almond flowers on one branch, with ornamental knob and blossom, and three cups made like almond flowers on the other branch, with ornamental knob and blossom – so for the six branches coming out of the lampstand. 34 “And on the lampstand itself are four cups made like almond flowers, with ornamental knob and blossom, 35 and a knob under the first two branches of the same, and a knob under the second two branches of the same, and a knob under the third two branches of the same, according to the six branches coming out of the lampstand. 36 “Their knobs and their branches are of the same – all of it one beaten work of clean gold. 37 “And you shall make seven lamps for it, and they shall mount its lamps so that they give light in front of it. 38 “And its snuffers and their trays are of clean gold. 39 “It is made of a talent of clean gold, with all these utensils. 40 “So see, and do according to the pattern which was shown to you on the mountain.

Exodus 40:25 (TS2009)
25 and lit the lamps before יהוה, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.

Exodus 40:4 (TS2009)
4 “And you shall bring in the table and arrange what belongs on it, and bring in the lampstand and light its lamps.

Today we still can use such a candelabrum, the source of light in the Tabernacle, which signified insight and enlightenment. Certainly in these days of spiritual darkness we could use some ritual or symbolism as an aid to let us think about the necessary characteristics we as lovers of God should answer. The lamps having been lit, the table of shewbread would be clearly illuminated,  the loaves of bread reminding us of the manna God provided for His people.

The sudden and elusive flash of insight and illumination in the mind is similar to a bolt of lightning flashing across a dark sky. By lightening the candles we may think of the light God provides for us and by each candle of the candlestick may think of one important aspect we should work at.

Each one of the lovers of God should try to come close to a ‘Divine soul’ finding a source of Divine illumination. Those who are “beloved” and who “live to Him” therefore take His words and “bind them on their heart”, finding in the lightening of the candles the different points to look at.

As first candle of the candelabrum signifying the first of seven basic types of Jewish souls we remind ourselves of the necessity of the love of God being there for us. At the centre of everything we have the Most Highest of everything and as such the centre candle represents God awareness. We even may let that candle burn all the time because the thing that has to be lit inside of us, at all times, is the God connection. At no point should there be a moment that God is out of our sight or out of our heart.

Good or bad times, friends or enemies, all should feel our love for them, showing the love of God for us.

1 John 4:8 (TS2009)
8 The one who does not love does not know Elohim, for Elohim is love.

Christians should know that this love of God is so big that He did not presented a charade, like Trinitarians want us to believe, faking His death (because God cannot die), but by allowing His most begotten beloved son to be killed for faults he did not commit.

Rabbi Jeshua was always in awe for his heavenly Father, Jehovah, the God he worshipped. Like many enemies of God we too should stand in awe and show respect for the Most Highest Omniscient Omnipresent Divine Creator, admiring Him as the Most Precious One. Always we should remember that This Most Highest, God above all gods, “knows” all because everything is like an open book to Him: it is all plain and revealed before The Almighty God by definition, and He does not have to “turn His attention” to things or “put His mind” to them in order to know. That is a function of human knowledge, not Divine “knowledge,” so there is really no philosophical dilemma at all. Therefore we can use some reminders to let us meditate on the Highness of God and of the Truth in His Word.

Isaiah 29:23 (TS2009)
23 “For when he sees his children, the work of My hands, in his midst, they shall set apart My Name, and set apart the Set-apart One of Ya‛aqoḇ, and fear the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl.

When lightening that second candle we think of the precious Name we should carry every day in our heart and be thankful for all the things He offers us in front of our eyes.

Hebrews 12:28-29 (TS2009)
28 Therefore, receiving an unshakeable reign, let us hold the favour, through which we serve Elohim pleasingly with reverence and awe, 29 for indeed, our Elohim is a consuming fire. Deu 4:24.

The fire of the candle reminding us of fire we should fear but also of fire which can our light and melt our hearts coming in connection with God through studying the Torah.

By reading those Holy Scriptures we can learn of the necessity to recognise the Elohim and to have perhaps even trepidation for Him in our anxiety trying to get most out of His Word.

After having lighted the 4th candle, reminding us of the light the study of God’s Word can give we light the 5th one to remind us how by knowledge of God’s Word we can overcome obstacles opposing Godliness in the world. But those who love God’s Word and live according to His Mitzvah do know they should not worry for those who call them to hellfire, because it might well be that God His fire shall consume them.

Isaiah 47:14 (TS2009)
14 “See, they shall be as stubble, fire shall burn them, they do not deliver themselves from the power of the flame, there is not a coal to be warmed by, nor a fire to sit before it!

When lightning the 6th candle we think of all those things we receive from our Creator. Let it be a sign of  appreciating God’s goodness.

Psalms 27:7-14 (TS2009)
7 Hear, O יהוה, when I cry with my voice! And show me favour, and answer me. 8 To my heart You have said, “Seek My face.” Your face, יהוה, I seek. 9 Do not hide Your face from me; Do not turn Your servant away in displeasure; You have been my help; Do not leave me nor forsake me, O Elohim of my deliverance. 10 When my father and my mother have forsaken me, Then יהוה does take me in. 11 Teach me Your way, O יהוה, And lead me in a smooth path, because of my enemies. 12 Do not give me over To the desire of my adversaries; For false witnesses have risen against me, And they breathe out cruelty to me. 13 What if I had not believed To see the goodness of יהוה In the land of the living! 14 Wait on יהוה, be strong, And let Him strengthen your heart! Wait, I say, on יהוה!

Though humble we do  show our pride in being God’s emissary in the world and therefore light the 7th candle. The faith understanding that the face of Jacob is engraved in God’s Throne. (Likutei Torah 3:29b.)

Deuteronomy 8:1-3 (TS2009)

Deuteronomy 8
1 “Guard to do every command which I command you today, that you might live, and shall increase, and go in, and shall possess the land of which יהוה swore to your fathers. 2 “And you shall remember that יהוה your Elohim led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, prove you, to know what is in your heart, whether you guard His commands or not. 3 “And He humbled you, and let you suffer hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, to make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but by every  Word that comes from the mouth of יהוה.a Footnote: aSee also Mat 4:4 and in Luk 4:4.

James 4:5-10 (TS2009)
5 Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose? Does the Spirit which dwells in us intensely crave unto envy? 6 But He gives greater favour. Because of this He says, “Elohim resists the proud, but gives favour to the humble.” Pro 3:34. 7 So then subject yourselves to Elohim. Resist the devilb and he shall flee from you. Footnote: bOr adversary. 8 Draw near to Elohim and He shall draw near to you. Cleanse hands, sinners. And cleanse the hearts, you double-minded! 9 Lament and mourn and weep! Let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to dejection. 10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Master, and He shall lift you up.

Let us therefore not be spiritually blind today but let our lights been seen by others, by making sure that we can become considered worthy to attain the entrance of God’s Kingdom. Let us constantly encourage each other to “Bind” God His word “on our heart” – today, and every day.

Roman soldiers carrying a menorah, detail of a relief on the Arch of Titus, Rome, 81 ce.
Roman soldiers carrying a menorah, detail of a relief on the Arch of Titus, Rome, 81 ce.

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Preceding articles

A Tool to shed light over the qualities in our life 1 Inner feelings

A Tool to shed light over the qualities in our life 2 Jews for a Messiah

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Additional reading

  1. Creation of the earth and man #4 Of the Sabbath day #2 Days 1,7,8 and 50
  2. Creation of the earth and man #5 Of the Sabbath day #3 Ceasing from the works of the flesh
  3. Creation of the earth and man #23 Man in the image and likeness of the Elohim #7 Corporeal and spiritual change
  4. First mention of a solution against death 5 Evil its law of death
  5. Lovers of God, seekers and lovers of truth
  6. God who knows the heart
  7. 9 Adar and bickering or loving followers of the Torah preparing for Pesach
  8. Seven lights or basic emotions 
  9. January 27, 417, Pope Innocent I condemning Pelagius about Faith and Works
  10. Letter to the Romans, chapter 3
  11. Romans 4 and the Sacraments
  12. Additional comments to the Letter to the Romans 4
  13. Facing our existence every day
  14. Seeds, weeds and kingdoms

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Further reading

  1. Sin Makes You Sick
  2. The Law Of Attraction: Thoughts Become Things
  3. How Just One Change Can Make All Of Life Better
  4. Working on Yourself
  5. Wednesday of the Third Week of Lent
  6. Myth Busters #6 – Are We Still Subject to the Law?
  7. Remember Your True Identity
  8. The Gospel (in a Nutshell)
  9. Did God Change His Law?
  10. Feeling Condemned? Romans 8:1-4
  11. Bad Habits: Character Development
  12. 2. Aspects of the modern world – What everyone is looking for
  13. 30 Alpha Male Characteristics That Make You a Real Alpha
  14. Become a better man – 2 (Conquer fear)
  15. Be Humble
  16. Personal Characteristics of the Holy Spirit
  17. Menorah Tribes of Israel
  18. The base of the Menorah
  19. Parshas Tetzaveh – Lessons in Chinuch
  20. Tetsaveh (Exodus 27:20 – 30:10), Shabbat Zachor (Deut. 25:17-19), Purim
  21. Scripture Portion of Week 20: Tetzaveh
  22. Annual preschool menorahs
  23. Chanukkah–Feast of Dedication
  24. Laodicea — Menorah and Cross
  25. Annual preschool menorahs
  26. Chanukkah–Feast of Dedication

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A Tool to shed light over the qualities in our life 2 Jews for a Messiah

Historically, any Jewish group which denied the basic principles of Jewish tradition – Torah and mitzvah-observance – ultimately ceased to be part of the Jewish people. Rabbi Jeshua never denied the basic principles of Jewish tradition, though several who call themselves Christian are not following Christ his teachings and ignore even the basic Jewish core teachings and do not want to work at the basic characteristics a child of God should have.
To remind us of those elements we should work at, the Elohim has given us a useful tool to remember all those basic characteristics.

God has chosen Him a people and because man had rebelled against Him, even more than once, He had provided a solution against the curse of death, the punishment given in the Garden of Eden.

That solution was first spoken off in the Garden of Eden where God said

Genesis 3:13-15 (TS2009)
13 And יהוה Elohim said to the woman,

“What is this you have done?”

And the woman said,

“The naḥash deceived me, and I ate.”

14 And יהוה Elohim said to the naḥash,

“Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all livestock and more than every beast of the field. On your belly you are to go, and eat dust all the days of your life. 15 “And I put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed.b He shall crush your head, and you shall crush His heel.”

English: Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, S...
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, Stavanger Cathedral, (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here at the beginning of times is given the first promise of the Messiah and promise of salvation or redemption. Those Messianic prophesies where going to be repeated many times and at regular intervals the Elohim gave some additional signs so that people could come to recognise when that Messiah would come and who it shall be.

Temptation or nachash had entered life and destroyed the better qualities of man. It tried further to bring down the Godly characteristics man had as being created in the image of God. Therefore all the descendants of the children of Adam and Eve came to hear what they had to do, to keep belonging to the family of God.

From the Children of God was expected that they considered the One and Only One True God their Creator and heavenly Father. By recognising Him as their Father they had to show Him their love and knowing He is the Most High Almighty God above all gods they had to show Him awe or reverence mixed with dread and wonder, inspired by the Omniscient Provider His majestic powerful Omnipotent Power.

In later years, after Moshe had received the tablets with God’s Mitzvah the People  of God required their flock to listen those who told about those Words had given. And after the oral tradition when more scrolls  became available it became expected also that they would listen to or read those commandments and to become connected with God through studying the Torah.

It was required to belong to God’s people to be part of a community that believed and worshipped only that One True God of Israel and that one tried to overcome obstacles opposing Godliness in the world.

Historically, any Jewish group which denied the basic principles of Jewish tradition – Torah and mitzvah-observance – ultimately ceased to be part of the Jewish people.

The Sadducees, who were active in Judea during the Second Temple period, and the Karaites or Qaraites, considered the Oral Torah, as codified in the Talmud and subsequent works, to be authoritative interpretations of the Torah. They refused to accept certain parts of the Oral Law, because according to them all of the divine commandments were handed down to Moshe by God and recorded in the written Torah without additional Oral Law or explanation. As a result, Karaite Jews or those belonging to  Karaism did not accept as binding the written collections of the oral tradition in the Midrash or Talmud and soon after, broke away completely as part of the Jewish People. The Hellenists, secularists during the Second Temple period, also soon became regarded as no longer “Jewish.” Eventually, these groups vanished completely. They were considered to be sects, the same as the followers of rabbi Jeshua. First they were recognised as an acceptable Jewish group, coming from the line of King David and the brotherhood that flourished in Palestine from about the 2nd century BCE to the end of the 1st century CE, the Essenes, being Jesus a child of the Essene Miriam of the labourer Joseph. Never having been numerous, like the Pharisees, the Essenes meticulously observed the Law of Moses, the Sabbath, and ritual purity, rabbi Jeshua took it at heart to let everybody know how important those virtues are to enter the Kingdom of God.

Those early Christians were the original “Jews for Jeshua” (or “Jews for Jesus“) who kept to the traditional Jewish holy days and food regulations (Kosher eating according Kashrut or Jewish religious dietary laws). But within a few years, the turning point came when Paul, realizing that Jews wouldn’t accept the concept of a dead Messiah, and opened up membership to non-Jews. adaptions where made for goyim to enter their community, them not having to apply all Jewish regulations. Those non-Jews who joined the “Jews for Jesus” accepted the Divine revelation of the Torah, but not the eternal, binding nature of the commandments. Initially, these Jews were reliable in their kashruth, the fitness or kosher state, requiring certain foods not to be eaten and others to be prepared in a specified manner, and counted in a minyan, the quorum of at least ten Jewish adults to constitute a representative “community of Israel” for liturgical purposes (religious obligations and prayer service). When a minyan is lacking for synagogue services, those who have gathered merely recite their prayers as private individuals.

As such in many communities or brotherhoods of the “Jews for Jesus”, also having become known as the Jewish sect “The Way“, there was thus no public reading from the Torah (first five books of the Bible) and no Hafṭarah (selection from the Nevi’im or prophetic books of the Bible). Such invocations as the Kaddish and qedusha (3rd section of all Amidah recitations) were likewise omitted, for none of these was considered appropriate unless the “Jewish community” prayed as one.

Though the growing community of followers of Christ Jesus brought it to a point that these “Jews” experienced a total severing of Jewish identity. It became worse when more and more false teachings came into the community, notwithstanding the resistance and warning by the Jewish rabbi Saul (apostle Paul) and the first disciples of Jesus. By the followers of Christ came division by those who started to make Jesus into their god and did not mind taking pagan rites into their services. This made Jews boiling and excluding those Christians, which went in against the basic teaching of rabbi Jeshua who was for worship of only One true God, the God of Israel. Already three hundreds years after the refreshing of Jewish thought by rabbi Jeshua, a majority agreed to the Roman rulers to accept a similar pantheon like the Greeks and Romans, adopting Zeus in Issou, ravishing rabbi Jeshua’s name to fit the worshipping of a new three-headed god, later better known as the Trinity.

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Preceding articles:

Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 2 Prophetic and poetic writers

A Tool to shed light over the qualities in our life 1 Inner feelings

Next: A Tool to shed light over the qualities in our life 3 Menorah and 7 basic emotions

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Additional reading

  1. Necessary to be known all over the earth
  2. Messianic prophesies 1 Adversary – Root of the first prophecy

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Related articles

  1. Did You Know…? v1
  2. Core Beliefs of Second Temple Judaism: Torah, Tradition, and Scripture
  3. We Are Commanded To Hear – By Marc
  4. The Most Important Mitzvah
  5. The 2nd Set of Tablets
  6. Where G-d Has the Will, We Find a WayA Lenten Mitzvah
  7. A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message – 43
  8. A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message – 44
  9. Parshat Tzav for Conversion Candidates
  10. Pidjon Haben-redemption of the firstborn son
  11. Passover Prep – Alaska Style!
  12. Commitment or Only When It Feels Good?
  13. Price of Godliness (Imprisonment 2)
  14. Only one sign
  15. Why Couldn’t the Apostles and Sadducees See Eye-To-Eye?
  16. The Sanhedrin Divided
  17. Warning: Handle With Care!
  18. God doesn’t need you
  19. Matthew 22:23-33, 1 Wife – Seven Husbands – Poor Woman!
  20. Before the Sanhedrin
  21. The Spirit of the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Scribes
  22. When Jesus Meets Sceptical Minds . . .
  23. Shabbat Ki Tisa: What Are You Doing For Pesakh?
  24. Making a Minyan because of Kindness
  25. A minyan in Milan

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Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 1 Times of reading

In ancient times on market days and the days people where free, they came together to listen to the reading of the Torah. Today any day could be used to come together to listen to the reading of the Holy Scriptures. Written and oral material was brought from one generation into an other and formed the base for the construction of many communities or religious groups and denominations.

In this world we can find many religions and lots of people who say they are worshipping the right god. How do they know and how can we know that they are really worshipping the Only One True Divine God the whole world should be worshipping?

Many of us find they are living in an unsecure world. They even find they themselves do not live securely. They would love to find ways to have an easy life and to be sure of certain things. They are no different than people who lived thousands of years ago. Many questions have stayed the same. Not so much has changed.

Seeing all the different denominations we can wonder why and how it are so many. When we use the Bible or Holy Scriptures as a touchstone it shall be very quickly easy to see which teachings of which denominations are not according to the Words of the ones they claim to be following.

Megillat Esther on which is concluded we should make us days of feasting and gladness, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor, celebrating Purim.

In certain religious groups it is tradition to read the Torah out loud at each gathering. This tradition dates back to the time of Moshe, who would read the Torah publicly on Shabbat, festivals, and Rosh Chodesh.  In other groups we can see that they not spend much time at reading the books they say are their Holy Books on which their faith is based.  It in because in such churches that there is not much time spend, that we can see many false teachings entered it and people have gone far away from the biblical teaching, even from worshipping the right God.

All churches would better go back to the time of Ezra the Scribe who established the practice of reading aloud the given Words of the Most High. In the synagogue this tradition continues today and is not limited to one day in the week but also to publicly bring a reading of the Torah also on Monday and Thursday mornings and Shabbat afternoons. In our congregation we also use the Sunday afternoon to gather with the community, have a meal together and to listen and to read together from the whole Scriptures which God has provided to us to be the Guidebook for life.

For the Jews these days were picked because Monday and Thursday were traditionally days that the Jews would go to the nearest towns to shop and trade. But today you could say you might find other days more appropriate  at other places. As such the time and place to gather may be different form one place to an other and in one country there may be totally different customs than in an other country.

What was important to that setting of days to gather and reading the Scriptures aloud was that this way the people would never go for more than three days without getting spiritual sustenance from the Words of Torah. There were breaks in the practice, but since the Maccabean period in the 2nd century BCE, public Torah reading has been maintained continuously. It was also in the Maccabean period that the Jews started reading from the Torah consecutively, reading on Shabbat afternoon, Monday, and Thursday from the point at which they left off the previous Shabbat morning.

Shira Schoenberg writes

In the early times, there were two traditions as to how the reading on Shabbat mornings should proceed. In Israel, the Torah was divided into 155 portions and took three years to read. In the early 19th and 20th centuries, Reform and some Conservative congregations followed this triennial cycle but this has been largely abandoned in favor of the annual cycle. In Babylonia, the Torah was split in 54 sections and took one year to read (some portions were read together in non-leap years). The size of the sections vary, containing anywhere between 30 and more than 150 verses. This latter custom became accepted for Orthodox and most Conservative Jews. The only break from the weekly cycle is when Shabbat is a holiday with a special Torah portion. The Torah is read on Shabbat and festivals between the shacharit (morning) and mussaf (additional) services and on weekdays at the end of shacharit.{Reading the Torah}

During the Talmudic period, the rabbis established that everyone who read a section from the Torah would recite both blessings so all the members of the congregation could hear them – even those who had to leave early or come late. In the post-Talmudic period, when the number of people capable of reading the Torah declined, it became customary for one person to read on behalf of everyone That way, one called for an aliyah only had to recite the blessings, although those capable of reading from the Torah would still do so in a quiet voice along with the reader. {Reading the Torah}

Today we live in times that most people can read and that printed versions of the Scriptures are available in many many languages. Therefore most people have no excuse that they are not able to come to read the Torah and the selected writings which where written in later times.

People have to know that the Torah is important for mankind because it contains written and oral laws which should be able to make life easy to construct and to allow it developing without chaos. The Torah, also called the Jewish bible by many, contains the Laws Moshe received form the Divine Creator. Many call those regulations which God gave, the “Laws of Moses” or “Mosaic Law“. They are central to the religion of Judaism, outlining actions and codes of conduct expected of practitioners of the Jewish faith.

These laws from God Who set forth moral standards where not only directing Jews how to live, but where to be the base of instruction to all peoples. It is true that the Torah outlines expectations of Jews, along with a history of the Jewish religion, through five books of Moses, but it gives all people a view of what happened in the world from the beginning of its existence.

The Torah or Law is presented in Five books and therefore also called the Pentateuch. These books which are the first five books of the Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible, include

  1. the Bereshith or Book of Genesis; giving an overview of how the universe came into being and what went wrong so that man has so many problems today
  2. Shemoth (Names) or Book of Exodus, narrating the liberation of the people of Israel from slavery in Egypt in the 13th century bce, under the leadership of Moses;
  3. Wayyiqra or Book of Leviticus, the third book of the Latin Vulgate Bible, the name of which designates its contents as a book (or manual) primarily concerned with the priests and their duties
  4. Bemidbar or Bəmiḏbar (In the wilderness or in the desert) or the Book of Numbers, also called the Fourth Book Of Moses, the fourth book of the Bible. The English title is a translation of the Septuagint (Greek) title referring to the numbering of the tribes of Israel in chapters 1–4, and
  5. Devarim (“Words”) or Book of Deuteronomy, a farewell address by Moshe to the Israelites before they entered the Promised Land of Canaan, also known as “The Land of Milk and Honey” from the River of Egypt to the Euphrates river .

The People received the Mosaic Law with the Ten Mitzvah but when times came along God added some regulations making that the Whole Torah or the “Book of the Law” includes more than 600 commandments, or instructions, from God. Those instructions should help people to organize their life.

Vitrail de synagogue-Musée alsacien de Strasbourg.jpg
The Decalogue or Ten commandments, a set of 10 mitzvah or rules given to Moshe which are the biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity

Whilst the Jews consider all commandments in the Torah important but focus on the 10 most significant called the Ten Commandments or Decalogue, others should consider those “Mosaic Laws” written on a stone tablet and Moshe being required to hand it over to his people, as basic humanitarian laws. They describing that people may not have other gods before the One God Who is Only One and should be the One Who Is God of all and Master or Lord of all. It warns also that no graven images or likenesses may be made of This Only One True God nor any other gods to whom man may not bow down to them nor serve them. It also demands that people would not take the Set-apart or Holy Name of the Elohim יהוה {Jehovah} in vain or not bringing it to naught.

You could say those three basic rules are the only ones which can apply to people who believe in a god or in the God and are of no use for an atheist.

This is an image of a copy of the 1675 Ten Commandments, at the Amsterdam Esnoga synagogue, produced on parchment in 1768 by Jekuthiel Sofer, a prolific Jewish eighteenth century scribe in Amsterdam. It has Hebrew language writing in two columns separated between, and surrounded by, ornate flowery patterns.
This 1768 parchment (612×502 mm) by Jekuthiel Sofer emulated the 1675 Ten Commandments at the Amsterdam Esnoga synagogue.

The next seven rules on the other hand you could call the main basic human rules to which every human being should keep. They are The human laws each person in a community should abide by.
When a person never takes rest he shall not be able to work properly, therefore he should have a free or a Sabbath day. All coming from the womb of a woman should respect her and honour their father. Those books show how we must be pleased with life, but also how we should show respect for all the living things, human beings, but also plants and animals. In those books is clearly indicated that we should not kill and that we should protect those living beings which or whom are not able to do it for themselves.
Respecting an other human being makes also to be honest to one another and not to lie to each other, not to commit adultery, not to steal something or to bear false witness and being careful how to look at others, not having envy or not to covet, but showing undemanding loving-commitment to thousands. (Shemoth or Exodus 20 and Devarim 5)

Boy reading from the Torah according to Sephar...
Boy reading from the Torah according to Sephardic custom (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Originally they were written in Hebrew and as such are also called the Hebrew writings or Hebrew Scriptures. Originally most people came in contact with those writings because there was an elder reading those texts to them. There exist also a later “Torah of the mouth“, an oral version of the written text, but also laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the “Written Torah“. That Oral Torah according to Jewish tradition was relayed by God to Moshe and from him, transmitted and taught to the sages (rabbinic leaders) of each subsequent generation, it was passed down orally until its contents were finally committed to writing following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, when Jewish civilization was faced with an existential threat.
Between 200–220 CE Rabbi Yehudah haNasi, also known as Rabbi or Rabbenu HaQadosh or Judah the Prince, became the chief redactor and editor of the Mishnah, the first major written version of that Oral Torah.
Not all branches of Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism accept the divine provenance of the Oral Torah, such that Conservative and (to a greater extent) Reform Jews give deference to the Talmudic sages while empowering themselves to formulate and adopt their own rulings and interpretations.

The written Torah is sometimes also called the representation of the “White fire”, because it is like a clear light-torch, the Fire of God burning pure and clear. It is so clear and pure that is is clear for all to see. God His Words written down should not be difficult for any man, be it a child or adult to come to understand. For that reason the books do not want to present a scientist analysation of this world, the planets, stars, human beings, animals and plants. But in simple ways it is being told how everything came to existence and how everything evolved.

Some would say

the written Torah is presented in a simple narrative that can be read and understood even by a child. The oral Torah, however, is obscure, and can only be learned through disciplined study, diligence, and perseverance. The methodology of the Talmud requires hard work and mental exercise to master, and this difficulty of study is represented by “black fire,” as one who becomes blackened through hard, gritty labor. {About Black fire on white fire}

Like in all other religions we can see that human teachings came to interfere with what can be called Words of God, opposite of words of man. Many believers often carried away by the human teachings instead holding fast to the Biblical teachings Judaism is no exception of such intermingling of material and human doctrines.

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Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman

In many Jewish groups we also can find rules and traditions which can not be found in the Word of God. As such we as believers always have to be prudent what we want to believe from sayings of man and have to question if our actions and traditions are in accordance with the Holy Scriptures.
There have also been historical dissenters to the Oral Torah in its entirety, including adherents to Karaite Judaism, that emerged in the early Middle Ages and who attempt to derive their religious practice strictly from the Written Torah, considering it as the sole source of religious law, using Scripture’s most natural meaning to form their basis of Jewish law.

English: Synagogue of Saluzzo (Italy); List of...
English: Synagogue of Saluzzo (Italy); List of people called on Shabbat for reading the Torah (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Having had traditional services, held at synagogues, presenting readings from the Torah during weekly services, rabbis read short segments from it.  In certain services they not only read parts of it but also chanted passages from the Torah instead of speaking them. This also helped people to remember the texts easier.

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Preceding article

When found the necessary books to read and how to read them

Next: Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 2 Prophetic and poetic writers

Reading to grow and to become wise concerning the most important thing in life 3 Light and wisdom in words

Picture of a large stone monument displaying the ten commandments with the Texas State Capitol in Austin in the background. The picture was part of a news release Wednesday, March second, 2005, by then Attorney General Abbott.
Ten Commandments display at the Texas State Capitol in Austin.

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Additional reading

  1. Words in the world
  2. Blindness in the Christian world
  3. Childish or reasonable ways
  4. Icons and crucifixes
  5. Judeo-Christian values and liberty
  6. Evangelisation, local preaching opposite overseas evangelism
  7. Looking to the East and the West for Truth
  8. Migrants to the West #7 Religions
  9. Follower of Jesus part of a cult or a Christian
  10. Worship and worshipping
  11. Focussing on the man Jesus and the relationship with God
  12. Ion of Books or the Holy Scriptures – or book of bookscollection of books
  13. Do we need to keep the Sabbath
  14. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #3 Days to be kept holy or set apart
  15. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #5 Not law binding
  16. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #6 Sunday or the Lord’s day
  17. Communion and day of worship
  18. Congregate, to gather, to meet
  19. Built on or Belonging to Jewish tradition #4 Mozaic and Noachide laws
  20. People Seeking for God 3 Laws and directions
  21. Divine Plan and an Imperfect creation
  22. Old orthodox Dissenters and Unitarians in 19° Century London
  23. Only One God
  24. The Almighty Lord God above all gods
  25. 29. Laws that Value People
  26. 1,500 to 1,700 years old Chiselled tablet with commandments sold at auction
  27. Human versus Biblical teachings

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Further reading

{Please always be very careful when looking at my list of Further readings and Related articles, knowing that I do not always agree with what is presented by these articles. By some I took time to give a reaction on the mentioned article as well, please also take note of that reaction, if they place it (because often it is not made public and is there no backlink made either.)
The essence of these links is to give my readers an objective account of the different viewpoints}

  1. What is the best approach to studying Scripture?
  2. What the revolt of the Maccabees is telling our time
  3. “Do’s and Doughnuts” of Hanukkah
  4. Blank Page: The Silent Years Between Testaments
  5. Hanukkah … The Festival Born of a Prophecy!
  6. Hanukkah the Feast of Dedication. Is it Biblical?
  7. Bible Reading as a Means of Grace
  8. Dig Deeper Series-SOAP Method
  9. Early In the Morning Judah Leads In Praise
  10. The Fifth Commandment
  11. Answering Rabbinic Judaism #33
  12. Answering Rabbinic Judaism #34
  13. Judaism Intro|| 15 Seconds Judaism
  14. The Hanukah Dilemma – The Birth of Judaism
  15. Early Jewish-Christian Relations
  16. Mendelssohn and Reform
  17. The Reform Movement’s Rick Jacobs Has no Understanding of Tolerance
  18. Inside Orthodox Judaism: A Critical Perspective On Its Theology
  19. Orthodox Judaism and the ordination of women rabbis.
  20. A sermon for Shabbat Atzmaut. Time to apologise?
  21. “Only about 3% of Israeli Jews identify with the Reform movement, and most of those are English-speaking immigrants. The ‘non-observant Orthodox’ aren’t rushing to join them, either”
  22. What Messianic Judaism can learn from Reform Judaism
  23. Judaism in America – The Egypt Story Of Our Lives

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