Back to back or Face to face

Time to come face to face with the King in the field.

Importance of Tikkun olam

The Hebrew phrase tikkun olam (pronounced tee-KOON oh-LUHM) means "world repair." In modern Jewish circles, tikkun olam has become synonymous with the notion of social action and the pursuit of social justice. Created in the image of God each human being is requested to come close to the Bo're and to be a partaker of a marvellous peaceful world to which each member has to contribute out of free will. In order for the balance between good and evil intended by God to be restored, humans must be involved in the world's reparation and can not keep aside or aloof or 'do nothing' to get social justice or a better world.

Humanity vs. Divinity: The Role of Religious Perspective in The Epic of Gilgamesh and Beowulf

To remember

Beowulf preparing to cut off the head of the monster Grendel, illustration from Hero-Myths & Legends of the British Race, 1910.
  • Throughout history, civilizations largely defined by their practiced religions;
  • religion often influences both societal structure of a civilization + how it chooses to record its own history.
  • examining ancient poems The Epic of Gilgamesh and Beowulf reflect religious ideologies of Sumerian and Anglo-Saxon civilizations
  • Epic of Gilgamesh highlights importance of Gilgamesh’s humanity during his journey for eternal life, reflecting ideologies of polytheistic Sumer,
  • Beowulf proclaims Beowulf’s faith in God as reason for his success as warrior + king, reflecting ideologies of Anglo-Saxon Christianity.
  • religious justification of Gilgamesh & Beowulf’s royalty highlights significant historical difference in how both texts were affected by the religions of their regions,
  • Epic of Gilgamesh >narrator uses ideologies of ancient Mesopotamian polytheism to justify King Gilgamesh’s reign over the city of Uruk.
  • role of Beowulf as King of the Geats justified through values of Anglo-Saxon Christianity,< Beowulf claims leadership = result of his unfaltering loyalty to God rather than his own accomplishments.
  • Beowulf = similar to Gilgamesh > exhibits superhuman feats of strength > holds no divine ancestry >> divine aspect of his rule = faith in God. (battle with the dragon threatening the Geats)
  • Gilgamesh serves as his own source of divine right, drawing a further distinction between the two heroes in the way that their humanity is represented by each text’s author.
  • Epic of Gilgamesh places importance on humane over the divine
  • author of Beowulf places importance on the divine over the humane.
  •  Gilgamesh questions mortality + seeks out Utanapishtim, sole survivor of the great flood,
  • Utanapishtim insinuates that death is not a monumental experience; all things must die eventually, + dying is no more consequential than sleeping. => Gilgamesh finds solace in ephemerality of life + embraces his humanity.
  • => focus taken from divinity + placed on humanity
  • in Sumer during time of polytheism = life heavily centered around the gods.



Stories of the beginnings, and one Main book composed of four major sections


Between gods and animals: becoming human in the Gilgamesh epic


Additional reading

  1. Genesis Among the Creation Myths
  2. The flood, floods and mythic flood stories 2 Mythic theme 1 God or gods warning
  3. The flood, floods and mythic flood stories 3 Mythic theme 2 Hebrew story of the flood
  4. The flood, floods and mythic flood stories 6 European myths
  5. The flood, floods and mythic flood stories 8 South America



  1. Chronological timeline of English literature (Oxford)
  2. Men, Monsters and Library Book Hoards: The Lay of the MA Dissertation
  3. Top 3 Medieval Tales to Read and Why
  4. Gaining Appreciation for a Epic of Old English
  5. Tolkien was right: Scholars conclude Beowulf likely the work of single author
  6. ll. 53-85
  7. ll. 164-188

Undergrad Lit Review

Throughout history, civilizations have been largely defined
by their practiced religions; religion often influences both the societal
structure of a civilization and how it chooses to record its own history. By examining how the ancient poems The Epic of Gilgamesh and Beowulf reflect the religious ideologies
of Sumerian and Anglo-Saxon civilizations, where the poems respectively
originated, a greater understanding of how religion has been historically used
in literature to accentuate the power of a nation’s ruler – in this case
Gilgamesh and Beowulf themselves – can be achieved. However, it is imperative
that the differing religious perspectives of each poem’s author are considered
in order to fully understand the significance of this religious accentuation. While
The Epic of Gilgamesh highlights the
importance of Gilgamesh’s humanity during his journey for eternal life, reflecting
the ideologies of polytheistic Sumer, Beowulf
proclaims Beowulf’s faith in God as the reason for his success as…

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Stories of the beginnings, and one Main book composed of four major sections

For centuries humanity has wondered how the world came into existence and how and why it is that there is so much suffering in this world. Many sought the cause of beings or gods existing outside of humanity while the Torah focuses on just one God Who would be the Cause of everything.

Tekufat Tevet – Darkness, gold moon and Light to look forward

This year we face an extra special solstice because it will be followed the next day by a full moon known as the Cold Moon, and you might be able to see a meteor shower to boot. For many the winter-holiday starting we think about the light in the darkness and having a nice family time.

Nature of the Bore according the first books

The world shall have to recognise that there is a Source of beginning and life, or a divine Cause for everything. The divine Source is the only One Who can create out of nothing whilst man has always to use something which is already existing to come to a new creation.

About The story of Creation 4 State of things at the time when God first spoke

The narrative of the Biblical creation story is the idea of ordering that is the result of divine intent. It is a fundamental biblical teaching that the original, divinely ordained order in the physical world has its counterpart in the divinely ordained universal moral order to which the human race is subject.

About The story of Creation 3 Nothingness, chaos, order and divine intelligence

By the different peoples of the world we can find very similar myths in an effort to explain the beginning, of everything from nothing, by a divine intelligence or a Source of life.

About The story of Creation 2 Genesis narrative

Giving verbal expression to explain that which is outside any model of human experience without obscuring the enduring meaning of the text of the scrolls, showing a One self-sufficient, self-existing and transcendent Being outside of nature.

About The story of Creation 1 Existing cosmologies

Mankind has always looked for an understanding concerning the existence of things. They imagined divine powers bringing all those things a life or causing things.

Shortness of kosher meat reason to go for vegetables

With the ban on kosher or halal slaughtering and with the ban of circumcision several politicians in Europe want to have certain religious people to leave these regions, but the real lovers of God do know that the Elohim has provided enough substances to survive and live healthy with vegetables and as such can live in a kosher and healthy way as veggie.

Expectations for kashrut to meet individual and contemporary norms

At the origin of man the Divine Creator provided a world full of plants useful as food. Man was not so happy with it and wanted more variation and meat. God allowed such things but warned them about the good and bad meat or fish. God also gave man mitzvoth so that they could measure their wrong goings and should have a guide for their life. In his effort to play for God man has tried to muddle with genes and to create new hybrids. The understanding on genes and genomes, and ways to manipulate them has given many scientists extreme ideas, tending to distort and exaggerate the results or waving away the possible dangers for the next generations of plants and animals. Different kinds of risks, real benefits, aims and control systems are complicated and genuine discussion between people with different backgrounds is essential and should have to think very cautiously, wondering if we are not going to far. Not only genetic manipulation but also transporting food all over the world and producing it on industrial level should worry us and should make us to take the proper choice to protect the environment. Let us not forget that the Elohim wants us to be healthy – inside and out, living in a healthy clean environment always to know that a person is that what he eats.

Trusting present youngsters who are not necessary evil

A necessary reaction on a note would-be teachers had to sign in a only girls Jewish Antwerp school.

Creator’s star connection between heaven and earth

The centuries-old five-pointed geometric figure is most known as a symbol of the Jewish community. In this article we will outline the interpretation as well as the possible point of view for us today.

United flesh and knowingly actions

In the second and third chapter of the Bereshith (the book of the beginning) we find that God, Who had made man in His image, brought a helper for the ish or man so that they could live together in a bond of union, related to the other living beings and to the Most High Elohim, in a state we now call marriage.