Fulfil and abolish were terms used by the rabbis in Jeshua’s day when they were discussing interpretations of Scripture. Abolish was a term used to describe an interpretation that was not correct, and, fulfil was a term used to describe a proper interpretation of the Scripture.
Armed with this understanding, we see that Jeshua is saying that he had come to give the proper, God-intended interpretation of the Torah!
For God, time had come to give once more a sent one to the world, like he did previously give several men to warn the people and to bring His Words. But now this Nazarene rabbi got a special task, showing mankind Who God is, what God expects from man, what solution God gives to all people to overcome death and how all are able to live in the promised land in peace or to enter the Kingdom of God.
The master teacher also told his listeners that the whole Torah hangs on two commandments or is built upon “two principles.” People should know that they shall have to consider those two mitzvah as the essential point for life and as two major points in an outline, the rest of the Torah being made up of minor points that explain the major points.
Torah teaches us how to love יהוה the Elohim Hashem Jehovah, the Most Highest Almighty Omniscient Omnipresent Eternal Spirit, with all our heart, soul, and mind and how to love our neighbour as ourselves.
Matthew 22:37-40 (TS2009)
37 And יהושע said to him,
“ ‘You shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your mind.’ Deu 6:5. 38
“This is the first and great command. 39 “And the second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ Lev 19:18. 40
“On these two commands hang all the Torah and the Prophets.”
Deuteronomy 6:5 (TS2009)
5 “And you shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your might.
Deuteronomy 10:12-13 (TS2009)
12 “And now, Yisra’ĕl, what is יהוה your Elohim asking of you, but to fear יהוה your Elohim, to walk in all His ways and to love Him, and to serve יהוה your Elohim with all your heart and with all your being, 13 to guard the commands of יהוה and His laws which I command you today for your good?
Yes, it is required for our own good, to love our Divine Creator, so that He might always walk with us.
Jeremiah 7:23 (TS2009)
23 “But this word I did command them, saying, ‘Obey My voice,a and I shall be your Elohim, and you be My people. And walk in all the ways that I have commanded you, so that it be well with you.’ Footnote: aSee also Gen 26:5, Exo 19:5, Joh 3:36, Rom 6:16, Heb 4:11, Heb 5:9 and Rev 22:14.
With reason we are told to love Jehovah, taking Him as our only God, looking up at Him, walking in His ways, worshipping Him with all our heart, soul, and mind, willing to serve Him with all of our life, “offering our bodies as living sacrifices” (Romans 12:1), but, we often get confused as to how best to do this.
In Torah we see that in the beginning our God created man in His own image, and then breathed life info him [Bereshith (Genesis) 1:26; 2:7]. In the Torah God gives directives so that we do know how to become part of His Family. He even goes so far to allow ourselves to come close to Him and even to become His representatives on Planet Earth, giving us the way to come to imitate Him and to show that there is a difference between those who are not of God and those who love and follow God and want to be clean and “holy [set-apart], even as He is holy”.
Exodus 31:13 (TS2009)
13 “And you, speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a signa between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, יהוה, am setting you apart. Footnote: aAlso see Eze 20:12 and Eze 20:20.
Leviticus 10:10 (TS2009)
10 so as to make a distinction between the set-apart and the profane, and between the unclean and the clean,
Leviticus 11:45 (TS2009)
45 ‘For I am יהוה who is bringing you up out of the land of Mitsrayim, to be your Elohim. And you shall be set-apart, for I am set-apart.
In the Bereshith or Genesis we hear for the first time of the Nation of Israel, and of Jehovah’s bride, and of Israel’s Land, and of the covenant He made with them. By the Shemoth we should come to see how God loves His people and provided an Exodus. But we also should be aware how much our sin grieves our heavenly Father. In the story of the Flood we can see how patient He was but had to take measures, though giving man chances again. He revealed His essential characteristics to Moses in the Shemoth or Exodus 34:6-7:
Exodus 34:6-7 (TS2009)
6 And יהוה passed before him and proclaimed, “יהוה ,יהוה, an Ěl compassionate and showing favour, patient, and great in loving-commitment and truth, 7 watching over loving-commitment for thousands, forgiving crookedness and transgression and sin, but by no means leaving unpunished,a visiting the crookedness of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation.” Footnote: aAlso see Num 14:18 and Jer 30:11.
The Divine Creator is a God compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, abounding in kindness and faithfulness, extending kindness to the thousandth generation, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; yet He does not remit all punishment. We should know that as a good Father He looks at His children and teaches them what to do, ho to behave, and how to make the best of their life. But when they do something wrong they should know they have to bear the consequences of their wrongdoing.
God visiting the iniquity of parents upon children and children’s children, upon the third and forth generations, as a loving Father also provides a mediator between Him and them, some one who was willing not to do his own will but only to do God His Will. With that sent one from God, we are given the grace of salvation.
Granted that these truths are expanded upon in the (re)new(ed) covenant, but we need to understand them in their basic root form in the First Covenant, in the Torah. For, if not, we will miss their essence in the renewed covenant.
All the people of the world shall have to come to see the work of יהוה. For what the Elohim Hashem is doing with His People is awesome. [Shemoth (Exodus) 34:10] Throughout the Torah the Divine Creator, יהוה, reveals His inward self to us. For, He wants us, to know Him intimately.
The Torah also reveals some very practical points about how to serve יהוה Jehovah as our only One True God, Him standing above all gods and idols.
Though because of the rebellion of the first man, we are “doomed” with the knowledge of good and evil in our weakness. Being infected with evil there is the need for “atonement.” We cannot serve God completely without it, and so we read in Wayyiqra 17:11:
Leviticus 17:11 (TS2009)
11 ‘For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the slaughter-place to make atonement for your lives, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the life.’
God assigned it to mankind for making atonement for our lives being a Lamb of God its blood, as life, that atones.
Hebrews 9:15-22 (TS2009)
15 And because of this He is the Mediator of a renewed covenant, so that, death having taken place for redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, those who are called might receive the promise of the everlasting inheritance. 16 For where a covenant is, it is necessary for the death of the covenanted one to be established. 17 For a covenant over those dead is firm, since it is never valid while the covenanted one is living. 18 Therefore not even the first covenant was instituted without blood. 19 For when, according to Torah, every command had been spoken by Mosheh to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, 20 saying, “This is the blood of the covenant which Elohim commanded you.” Exo 24:8. 21 And in the same way he sprinkled with blood both the Tent and all the vessels of the service. 22 And, according to the Torah, almost all is cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.
According to the Torah, almost everything being purified with blood; indeed, without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sin; we should come to see why and how there came an end to such shedding of blood once and for all.
There was a need of blood atonement, but people have to come to know that with the Temple no longer standing, there is only one answer for all: there has come “the blood of the covenant which Elohim commanded” [Ivrim (Hebrews) 9:20]. It is of such most importance that 25 % of the Scriptures turn around him who has brought that salvation and sealed the Brit Chadashah or New Covenant. In that sent one from God, יהושע (Jeshua) Messiah, Son of Dawiḏ, Son of Aḇraham, mankind may find the answer by him whose sacrifice was greater than any offered in the Temple. He is now our kapparot or atonement. And, we need to apply his blood to our temple (body) to be purified.
As we read through the Torah we learn of all the given korban or sacrifices, and we can see more how much יהושע the Lamb of God did for us. Even so, one objective some have to the study and observance of Torah is that, they think it takes away from our need for Jeshua. But on the contrary, a true study of Torah makes us realize how much more we need him in order to serve the Most High Elohim with all our heart, soul, and mind!
The Torah is full of spiritual concepts about how to Love God and how to “Love our neighbours as ourselves.” And, it is essential that we take the Spirit of Jeshua his heavenly Father as well as the Spirit of Jeshua, and his system of interpretation, into every nook and cranny (yud and stroke) of our lives, so that we might find out how to relate to our fellow man, also, so that our hearts might be made pure. And, without the Torah and the Father’s Spirit, how can we possibly know what to do?
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